Crop Report width=32


MALTING BARLEY UPDATE - APRIL 2010

At last the weather forecasters are predicting a period of warm dry weather throughout UK which will allow growers to complete spring plantings and get on with fertilizer and herbicide applications, all of which have been seriously delayed by the long cold winter and early spring which saw snow return to Scotland with a vengeance last week. Planting of spring barley in England is now virtually complete, up to 8 weeks later than usual in some parts.  In Scotland planting is far from complete, but with modern equipment and the good forecast progress will be rapid.  As the area available to be planted with spring crops is considerably reduced compared with last year, the delays will not have had much impact on growers planting intentions. 

 
Crop 2010 Areas
DEFRA survey of areas sown @ 1st December 2009 – ‘000ha
 

 

Dec 2006

Dec 2007

Dec 2008

Dec 2009

% Change

Wheat

1724

1902

1635

1812

+10.9

W Barley

321

366

359

342

- 4.8

Oats

95

106

82

83

+ 0.9

W OSR

556

568

541

589

+ 9.0

Beans

59

68

87

88

+ 1.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

2755

3010

2704

2914

+ 7.9%

As previously reported winter wheat and oil seed rape plantings have increased significantly.  The area sown to winter barley has fallen as winter malting barley prices have proved unattractive to growers who have either dropped the crop or switched from malting to feed varieties. With increased grower interest in spring wheat, spring oil seed rape, linseed and even fallow it will not come as a surprise to see a dramatic reduction in UK spring barley plantings particularly in England. 

UK spring barley plantings and production – ‘000ha / ‘000 tonnes

 

2007

2008

2009

2010

% Change

Area

515

616

751

510    E

-32%

Production

2741

3341

4180

2839  E

-32%

The reduction in UK spring barley plantings is mirrored in the major spring malting barley producing countries throughout the EU.  Yields are also forecast to be reduced in some countries reflecting bumper yields last year and later planting this year. 

EU spring barley plantings and production – ‘000ha / ‘000 tonnes 

 

2009 ha

2009 t

2010 ha

2010 t

% Change

Denmark

449

2488

390

1872

 

France

559

3818

450

2813

 

Germany

427

2225

386

1848

 

UK

751

4180

510

2839

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

2186

12711

1735

9372

-21/ 26%

 All spring data from COCERAL (March 2010) 


Crop 2010 Development and Varieties
Despite the later than normal planting dates in England, early crop development is good on all but the heaviest soils. Plentiful supplies of soil moisture and rising temperatures should all crops develop quickly and catch up with growth stages.  In Scotland, with a lot of planting still to do, there are no adverse reports. 

With a late sowing season and consequent late farmer purchases of seed (and increased use of farm saved seed), it is difficult, as yet, to find any definitive data on varietal split.  In England all the signs are that Tipple will dominate plantings, to a level not seen since the heyday of Optic, it is possible that up to 70% of the plantings could be Tipple, with Quench (both grown for malting and feed) and Westminster at around 10% each.  The new introduction Concerto may have 5% market share with Optic around the same area.  No Cocktail will be sown, but a small area of the newest variety Propino will feature. 

In Scotland consumers would like to see a reduction in Oxbridge and an increase in Optic or the newer varieties Belgravia, Concerto and Forensic, however availability of seed of the newer varieties and a large quantity of farm saved Oxbridge will mitigate against much change in the varietal split compared to 2009.


Crop 2010 Market
EU prices have moved down and then upwards since the last report influenced, in varying degrees by, buying interest from major brewers and maltsters, concerns over plantings ( both area and delay) and continual surplus of crop 2009 barley.  Depending on shipment period UK / Danish spring barley is bid €130 FOB basis October.  Domestic UK prices are around £108.50 delivered maltings for harvest movement (but very few growers prepared to sell at this level) increasing to £116/117 for January/March 2011.  UK winter malting barley prices are unquoted but normally valued at £5 below spring varieties. 

The market will remain slightly nervous until plantings are complete and crops are developing, thereafter growing conditions (drought / flood etc) will influence the market until we finally get to harvest.

Bob King
Great Ryburgh
21st April 2010

Back to Home Page


height=19
Image Loading